Grade TWO

Literature from many cultures provide fables of saints and heroes, which encourage the children to form their own inner pictures of moral character. Second Grade introduces the more complicated mathematical operations within the four processes; reading skills are expanded and refined; and writing becomes cursive. In honor of St. Martin, who cut his cloak in two and gave half to a poor beggar, Second Grade will collect and count pennies to donate along with baked goods to those in need at Ploughshares Peace & Justice Center.

Heroic Tales & Ethical Fables

Developmental Picture of the Student

By second grade, children’s imagination, interest, and focus are more attuned to learning. Second graders become increasingly aware of their experiences in the larger world and the values and perspectives of others. Their sense of community deepens even as they extend the security of “family” to classmates and teachers.

How the Curriculum Meets the Second Grader

The second grade curriculum emphasizes language arts, form drawing, and nature stories to prepare students for writing and reading. Through oral storytelling and the act of turning stories into writing, students practice daily honing their blossoming language skills. The core stories from around the world are epics--in which heroes and heroines fight for the good--and fables--which illustrate a moral. These two story forms help the children develop a strong ethical sense.

In written work and rhythmic movement exercises, students practice mastering their times and division tables and the advanced addition and subtraction processes, including transferring and place value.

Form drawing (creating simple geometric shapes) improves the children’s balance and control in handwork and prepares them for cursive writing. These challenging exercises develop the child’s cognitive ability and flexible thinking.

Nature stories provide the basis for later studies in science, geography, geology, and more.

Students also engage in regular musical and artistic practice each day.

Curriculum Components

  • Language Arts: Aesop's fables; animal stories; lower-case letters and cursive writing; grammar; writing stories and compositions; recitation of poetry
  • Social Studies: Festival celebrations; legends of saintly and heroic people
  • Science: Nature study; nature walks
  • Math: The four arithmetic processes; place value; patterns in numbers; regrouping; mental math, math games and form drawing
  • World languages: Vocabulary; songs; dances; poetry; conversation
  • Art: Wet-on-wet watercolor painting; beeswax modeling; crayon drawing; form drawing
  • Practical Arts: Crocheting and knitting; gift-making
  • Drama: Re-enactment of fables and legends; class play; assembly performances
  • Music: Pentatonic flutes; singing
  • Movement: Two outdoor recesses a day; Eurythmy; traditional dance; physical education; daily exercises to develop fine and gross motor skills


  • Conducting responsible tasks and class/group dialogues
  • Experiencing stories and texts (via songs, poems, and plays) that envision themes, situations and outcomes
  • Accepting responsibility for clean-up duties and regular chores. Offering assistance with weekly classroom tasks